Federal Hepplewhite , 1790-1815: This period reflects the growing patriotism felt in the young American states. Modernism, 1940-present: Furniture designed and produced during the period is distinctive, as it represents the usage of some new materials, like plastic, aluminum and molded laminates. Excellent quality, beautiful detail, and simply beautiful. Sleek silhouettes pair with deep plush seating; metals like champagne brass and brushed nickel pair with oak finishes. Directoire Period: 1789-1804 This fifteen-year period between the French Revolution and the Empire was the most troubled in French history. But not until the 19th century did bathrooms in private homes become more commonplace.
The carved gilt-wood support, however fine, was considered to be expendable, to be changed in accordance with the dictates of current fashion. A new chair design combined the back, seat and arms together as one unit. The revolutionaries suppressed the furniture guilds during this period, and thus, craftsmanship was no longer guaranteed. Thick overhanging tops accentuated the forms of the pieces beneath them. He may, of course, have used Berain's published designs, but it is difficult to conceive that they worked entirely independently when their respective positions at Court are remembered. Over the centuries, furniture fashion has deviated from ornate, classical looks to contemporary, bold styles that blur the lines between artistry and functionality.
The fronts of chests bear Gothic perpendicular tracery decorative interlacing of lines in imitation of the decorative stonework found in architecture. Whereas carving does not appear to have played a significant part in Greek and Roman furniture, it was a dominant feature of European furniture of the Middle Ages. Technology advances enhanced this design style, as manufacturers developed a way of laminating woods together. Fillets of dark wood were set into blond wood. The bat's wing, not to be confused with the scallop shell, is also used. The fronts of very big, heavy cupboards particularly lent themselves to architectonic composition corresponding to the portals and gables of houses. Usually, such tables rest either on solid masonry or on a stone socle a projecting member beneath the base of a superstructure , but they are sometimes elegantly supported by several columns.
The fauteuil of this period had a relatively high back, rectangular in form, which was overstuffed like the seat. Ornament A variety of materials and techniques are employed in Second Empire ornament. Verlet has also shown how contemporary terminology recognized the existence of this classification, for instance in the case of certain small tables without a fixed position which were termed ambulantes strolling. These paws face in the same direction—as if they were walking with the dead person. However, the ideals of the Revolutionists were not always played out in their true form in the fashion of the day.
The four bedposts are not necessarily identical at the head and foot of the bed, but all have bulbous and turned sections, exaggerated almost to the point of crudeness. The nearest English equivalent to the term is 'carpenter and joiner', but this is not entirely satisfactory. On modern card tables, all four legs can be folded up within the frame surrounding the top; when not in use, the tables can therefore be stored easily. However, plain furniture was made in the provinces in all times and styles, usually of , , or fruitwood. Gone were the ornate mouldings of the Rococo era although gilding and enamel finished were still popular. Similarly, museums, libraries, and archives have their special furniture in the form of showcases, desks, special tables, and socles. The choice of woods available was large and blond woods included varnished elm, ash, plane tree, bird's eye maple, burr thuya, sycamore, orange wood, citronnier, olive wood and acacia.
The Northern Europeans were more concerned about their craftsmen spending time on armor and building fortresses than making furniture. Ornament: Ornamentation was spare and light, inspired by Greek and Pompeian models, and would never obscure a pieces basic structure. Trust me you will be blown away by their impeccable, top notch quality and service. The monumental and dignified effect was obtained by the quality of the woodwork. Together with illusionism, the technique of representing on a plane or curved surface the spatial relation of objects as they might appear to the eye , which had just been discovered, achieved triumphs in Italian intarsia work. Lacquers helped promote a sense of opulence, and furniture frames were conceived as a single, curvaceous line that resulted in elegant and playful designs. Wrought iron was used for hinges, door braces, locks, handle and studs.
See our take on this style. Chairs, daybeds and settees were light, elegant and slender without being fragile. Large leaf foliage and palmettes are carved on chair arms and table legs. In the 17th century, however, chairs were not so numerous as in the 18th, and they were, at formal gatherings and even at informal ones, allocated strictly according to social rank. It was used for the tops of commodes and tables. During the reign of Louis Seize there are few technical innovations of consequence in the realm of furniture-making.
Our range of sleigh furniture complements the bed and completes the bedroom. The use of bolster pillows and more upholstery is starting to emerge. Motifs of the style moderne and Art Nouveau are inspired by the botanical. Furniture of this time was made from more expensive woods, such as ebony or rosewood. Bronze fittings are used more sparingly than under the Empire.